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Location: Peru         Length: 12 min.


Recent research shows that cities in the New World arose nearly a millennium earlier than previously believed. Radiocarbon dates from the ancient city of Caral, Peru, show that monumental architecture was under construction as early as 2627 B.C., even before ceramics and maize appeared. The site is enormous, with platform mounds (or “pyramids”), sunken circular plazas, and residences. Caral is by far the largest pre-2000 B.C. recorded site in the Andean region and seems to be the model for the urban design followed over four millennia.


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Produced in 2006 by PromPeru



Web links:


The Andes Web Ring (James Q. Jacobs)

Archaeology Research in Peru (Bruce Owen)

Caral: The Earliest Civilization in the New World (

Caral: The Oldest Town in the New World (Philip Coppens)

South American Natural Adventures (Nature Travel Specialists)

Norte Chico Civilization (Wikipedia)